Slotsholmen, a canal-encircled island that today is the seat of Denmark's government, was first settled by Bishop Absalom in 1167 when he constructed a small fortress within the harbor village. Here he hoped to prevent periodic raids by the German Wends to the east. This fortress evolved into the thriving though small seaport of Komandshavn (translated: Merchant's Port). This was eventually shortened to Kobenhavn.
is Denmark's only major city with the parliament, government and monarchy all situated in the heart of the city
where tourist, especially in the summer, seem to outnumber the locals. The city
has a definite international personality and is home to headquarters to many of
Europe's most progressive commercial and financial enterprises as well as a number
of cultural and humanitarian organizations.
Today Copenhagen is much more
than the lovely storybook Baltic seaport of the early twentieth century. It is
both a cozy, intimate and peaceful oasis, the home of Hans Christian Andersen
and an expansive metropolis with a liberal attitude that rivals Paris or Amsterdam.
Copenhagen has become an international hectic dynamic city with a rich cultural,
commercial and educational environment. The city has been able to preserve unique inner city districts,
each with its own indescribable character and uniqueness, from the elegant Osterbro
to the ethnic and vibrant Vesterbro. Cranes and scaffolding everywhere signify
that Copenhagen is building for the future while simultaneously preserving its
Danish heritage. Copenhagen offers the cultural resources of a national capital with the easy familiarity
of a provincial town.
city/metro, 1,027,900; Time Zone: GMT/UTC +1 or Central European Time.
Flight times: Paris-2 hrs., London-2 hrs., Los Angeles-11 hrs. NYC-8.5
Average temperature: 69°F (19° C) in summer and winter 35°F (2° C), Heaviest
precipitation is November through January.
Average Daily High/Low Temperature:
• March - May: 60°f / 41°f, 16°c / 5°c
• June - Aug.: 76°f / 59°f, 25°c
• Sept. - Nov.: 59°f / 44°f, 15°c / 7°c
• Dec. - Feb.: 49° f/
37°f, 9°c / 3°c
The airport is 9km (6mi) southeast of city
center; A local bus service (No 250S) connects the airport with Råuspladsen, the
city's central square, and also with Central Station
Center city is a 12-minute train ride from the airport. The core of Copenhagen’s
public transport system is a metro rail network called S-train, with 10 lines
passing through Central Station, and a bus system called HT that uses Radhuspladsen
as its main terminal. They offer a variety of single, multiple-ride or daily tickets.
A local bus(No 250S) takes 35 minutes to link the airport to Råuspladsen.
An average fare from the airport is €14.00.
Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek.
Brewery created at the end of the 19th century the financial foundation for
Copenhagen's elegant art museum,
view is exquisite art, including Danish and French 19th century painting and a
large collection of antique Greek, Egyptian, Etruscan and Roman sculpture. Celebrated
Danish architect Henning Larsen designed the museum's modern annex.
famous for Vor Frelsers Kirke ('Our Saviour's Church') with a 95m (311ft), 400-step
spiral steeple that provides incredible views of Copenhagen. To the east is the
community of Christiania where at the Royal Danish Naval Museum displays 300 model
ships and other historic naval paraphernalia.
Christiania enjoys status as a rent and tax-free enclave in a lively, free
spirited environment. Stroll or cycle through the area (cars are prohibited) and
inspect the local arts and craft market and later savor the local organic fare.
Here several art exhibitions are staged throughout
the year. This exhibition building is part of Charlottenborg, an old stately mansion
that at one time housed the schools of art and architecture.
Plaza just to the north of the Latin Quarter, is quite busy during the
summer. Great place for dining and late night entertainment.
Copenhagen’s neoclassical cathedral, originally built in the
late 12th century and subsequently rebuilt three times, showcases Bertel Thorvaldsen's
acclaimed statues of Christ and the 12 apostles.
Nationalmuseet (National Museum)
Museum of Danish history and culture
has the largest collection of Danish historical artifacts in the country.
It was built in Dutch Renaissance style by Christian IV to serve
as his summer home but it now houses a museum and the royal treasury that provides
public viewing of the regal jewels.
Connected to the rest of Copenhagen by small bridges, it is Denmark's national
government’s home. Slotsholmen attracts large numbers of visitors during the summer.
This building from the 1840's is worth a visit in itself, but
do take a look inside the Museum of Decorative Art with its collections of Danish
furniture and Copenhagen porcelain, European handicraft, Chinese and Japanese
art and a universal collection of textiles. For more contemporary and modern design,
visit the recently opened Danish Design Center which stages changing exhibitions
and similar events.