Some say that Dallas is the heart of Texas both culturally and economically. Houstonians disagree but to most of the world Dallas is Texas.
In 1839, John Neely Bryan who would die almost destitute in the State Lunatic Asylum explored and surveyed the area that would become Dallas. He came to the Three Forks area of the Trinity River, where the Trinity was easily forded, to start a trading post serving Indians and settlers. This trading center would eventually link North and South Texas.
In 1861 Dallas voters voted 741 to 237 to secede from the Union. After the Civil War freed slaves flocked to Dallas in search of jobs and settled in freedmen's towns on the periphery of the city. By 1870 the population of Dallas was about 3,000. Cotton was the region's principal cash crop however Dallas also became the world center for the leather and buffalo-hide trade. Merchants, who made it a point to open general stores along transcontinental railroad routes, settled in Dallas and soon established flagship stores, perhaps a precursor of Nieman Marcus. By 1880 the population had more than tripled, to 10,385. By January 1, 1890, having annexed the neighboring town of East Dallas, the city ranked as the most populous city in Texas, with 38,067 residents. In 1914 Dallas was selected as the site for a Federal Reserve Bank and, with a wave of immigrants from Mexico, the population was 158,976 by 1920, and then soared to 260,475 by 1930, but was only 294,734 in 1940 because of the depression. The discovery of oil in East Texas in 1930 eased the pain of the depression and soon Dallas became a center for petroleum financing.
During the 1950s and 1960s, Dallas became the nation's third-largest technology center and with the opening of Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport in 1974, numerous corporate headquarters located in and around Dallas. By 1980 Dallas was a national financial and business center. The population grew from 679,684 in 1960 to to 1,006,877 in 1990.
Population: Metropolitan Dallas 3,646,217, Dallas 1,188,580
Land Area: 342.5 square miles.
Flight times: Chicago-2 hr., NYC-3.5 hrs., Los Angeles-3 hrs., Miami-3 hrs.,London-10 hrs.
Dallas has a very temperate climate with mild winters but hot humid summers. Days of sunshine: 300 days, Annual precipitation: 32 inches.
Average Daily High/Low Temperature:
March - May: 77°f / 56°f, 26°c / 14°c
June - Aug.: 92°f / 72°f, 34°c / 22°f
Sept. - Nov.: 79°f / 59°f, 26°c / 15°c
Dec. - Feb.: 58° / 37°f, 16°c / 3°c
VISITOR INFORMATION INFORMATION
Welcome to Dallas! www.visitdallas.com
Visitor's Guide for Dallas and Fort Worth www.thedallaspage.com
Transportation Guide (www.dfwairport.com/transport) For additional ground transportation information: (972) 574 5878.
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (www.dfwairport.com/index.htm): The world's third busiest airport in terms of operations. It serves is the dynamic 12-county region made up of Dallas, Fort Worth and 126 other municipalities.
Dallas Airports (www.dallascityhall.com/dallas/eng/html/aviation.html): The City of Dallas operates two municipal airports and a downtown heliport. Dallas Love Field Airport hosts daily flights to Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico and Louisiana cities. General Information (8 am-5 pm. Monday-Friday) (512) 530 ABIA.
Parking Information (24-hour number) (512) 530 3300.
Taxis: Taxi service is available on the upper level of each terminal. Fares to downtown Dallas are approximately $38 (US). Fares to downtown Fort Worth are approximately $43 (US).
Alamo Cab (214) 688 1999
Ambassador Cab (214) 905 1111
Checker Cab (972) 222 2000
Cowboy Cab (214) 428 0202
Eagle Cab (214) 421 7788
Executive Taxi (972) 554 1212
Freedom Cab (214) 712 0800
Yellow Cab Company (214) 426 6262
Rent-A-Car Advantage (800) 777 5500, Alamo (800) 327 9633, Avis (800) 331 1212, Hertz (800) 654 3131.
Travel Information Centers of the Texas, Department of Transportation: Offers trip routing information and emergency road conditions. (800) 452 9292 (8 am and 5 pm daily).
DART (www.dart.org): Dallas Area Rapid Transit gets you around 13 cities with rail, bus, paratransit, HOV lane and rideshare sevices. We serve DFW International Airport and Fort Worth via the Trinity Railway Express (TRE).
Dallas World Aquarium (www.dwazoo.com): 1801 N Griffin St Dallas, TX 75202, (214) 720-1801.
Dallas Zoo (www.dallaszoo.com): (214) 670-5656.
Dallas Museum of Art (dallasmuseumofart.org): (214) 922-1200.
Women's Museum (www.thewomensmuseum.org): (214) 915-0860.