Dublin was first Ath Cliath, which means a "ford of hurdles" or the "Hurdle ford" and was located near the mouth of the River Poddle on piles of stones but it was with the coming of the Vikings in 841AD that Dublin had a start as a town.
Dublin is a place of great cultural and historical interest. As the birthplace of Jonathan Swift, Oscar Wilde, W.B. Yeats, James Joyce, George Bernard Shaw, Samuel Beckett and many other renowned writers, Dublin is often featured in their books or should we say unfairly criticized by her writers. It was called "the blind and ignorant town" by W.B. Yeats, and James Joyce seems to have agreed. Yet, despite all the abuse, a number of truly great writers are part of Dublin's heritage.
Today as always Dublin is a city for walkers, talkers and watchers (of both architecture and its people). Moore Street is a thriving street market off Henry Street; here the street traders today, as when Ireland (Southern) was part of Britain, are renowned for their colorful humor, loud voices and sharp whited banter. Visitors will find that Music is constant in Dublin. The streets are full of talented buskers and on a Saturday afternoon Grafton Street is virtually impassable because of crowds surrounding young musicians.
Pubs are as much a part of life in Dublin as cafes are in Paris perhaps more so. This is where a diverse cross-section of society gather to meet, converse, argue, contemplate and above all to drink the famed dark local shout, Guinness or other local beverages.
Here are just a few old style establishments in city center:
The Lincoln's Inn, old style pub beside Trinity College, 5 Lincoln Place.
The Brazen Head, Dublin's oldest pub dating from 1668.
Davy Byrne's, 1930's decor favorite of business people.
Johnnie Fox's Pub, The highest pub in Ireland.
McDaid's, a one time famous literary pub. Harry St.
Mulligan's, 200 Years old with interesting clientele. 8 Poolbeg St.
Neary's, relaxed and comfortable, with an early evening trade. 1 Chatham St.
O'Donoghue's, the place to hear traditional Irish music. 15 Merrion Row.
The Pembroke,for a good value lunch. This old Georgian Dublin pub is ideal. 31 Pembroke St.
O'Neills, "Old Dublin pub", busy and cosmopolitan with atmosphere. Suffolk St.
The Palace Bar, traditional lively pub.
William Ryans, Victorian pub full of snugs for private whatever. 28 Parkgate Street.
Population: city/metro, 1,027,900; Time Zone: GMT.
Flight times: Paris-2 hrs., London-1 hr., Los Angeles-11 hrs. NYC-5.5 hrs.
Average temperature: 69°F (19° C) in summer and winter 35°F (2° C), Heaviest precipitation is November through January.
Average Daily High/Low Temperature:
March - May: 60°f / 41°f, 16°c / 5°c
June - Aug.: 76°f / 59°f, 25°c / 15°f
Sept. - Nov.: 59°f / 44°f, 15°c / 7°c
Dec. - Feb.: 49° f/ 37°f, 9°c / 3°c
Dublin International Airport
Conveniently located just to the north of Dublin City Center. It is situated near the M50 and M1 motorways. You can get to the airport by bus, taxi, or car. There are services from nearby train stations
DART (Dublin Area Rapid Transit): Public transit within the Dublin area. http://www.irishrail.ie/dart/home/
From the airport to most areas in Dublin. An average fare from CityCentre is 15.00. Ask the taxi driver to estimate the fare before getting into the car if in doubt. There are extra charges for additional passengers, luggage, animals (other than guide dog), time of day, Sundays, and public holidays.
Information Office on Upper O'Connell St. where all timetables are available. It closes at 2pm on Saturdays. Bus fares within Dublin and Ireland are reasonable and all buses within Dublin will only accept coins. The average fare is 1.45 (2004). Late Night buses (The NiteLink) run from College St.2 except Sundays. http://www.dublinbus.ie/home/
Dublin Civic Museum
South William St., Dublin 2. Built in 1765 for the Society of Artists.. Since 1953 it has housed a permanent exhibition of antiquarian and historical items relating to Dublin.
Dublin Castle, Dublin 2. At the Genealogical Office the Chief Herald will trace your ancestral family for a fee which depends on the amount of research required, or provide you with you appropriated family coat of arms..
Kildare St. Dublin 3. Divided into three sections- Irish Antiquities, Art and Industrial, and Natural History (which is entered from Merrion Square), the National Museum was opened in 1890. The National Antiquities section comprises the finest collection of early European Christian art. Among the most impressive pieces are the Ardagh Chalice, the cross of Cong and the Tara Brooch. The Natural History section has a complete collection of the prehistoric Irish elk.
The Dublin Writers Museum
This museum celebrates of literary Dublin. Featured are exhibits on the lives and works of Dublin's literary celebrities over the past three hundred years including Yeats, Shaw, Beckett, Swift and Joyce. Their books, letters, portraits and some personal items are presented in the exhibition.
The Joyce Tower
Sandycove Co. Dublin. This is an exhibition devoted to the life and work of James Joyce. The museum is housed in a Martello Tower, many of which were built along the Irish east coast to withstand invasion by Napoleon. The tower itself features in the first chapter of Joyce's masterpiece Ulysses. Letters, photographs, rare first editions and personal items make up the main part of the exhibition.
The National Concert Hall
Ireland's most prestigious music venue was designed in the classical style for the great exhibition of 1865. It then became the center piece of the Ireland's National Concert Hall on the 9th of September 1981
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