Tequesta Indians originally inhabited today's Florida's Gold Coast, which is now Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale and Miami. Spain's Don Juan Ponce de Leon was probably the first European to set explore this area. In 1857 Fort Lauderdale, the middle of the now Gold Coast, was a swamp. During the Seminole Wars a wooden fort was built and named after Tennessee Volunteer Major William Lauderdale. Soon the fort was abandoned and left to rot in the mangrove swamps and later was inhabited by runaway slaves and army deserters.
To transform the swamp into prime real estate, it took Charles Green Rhodes to plan the dredging of parallel canals, using the fill to create long peninsulas between them. It was the same theory used to create Venice, Italy, which earned Fort Lauderdale the nickname, "Venice of America." Flagler's railroad followed and the city was incorporated in 1911 with William H. Marshall as its first mayor. In the same year members of the Florida Board of Trade passed a resolution calling for a deepwater port so farmers could ship produce to the north and west. In 1913, Marshall and Frank Stranahan formed the Fort Lauderdale Harbor Co., which eventually opened the New River to the sea for small boats by digging out the Lake Mabel Cut. This area became known as Port Everglade; it is now Florida's deepest harbor and a major cruise ship terminal. Incidentally this name is misleading because it is not part of the Florida Everglades.
Contrary to Popular belief, Ft. Lauderdale did not become a national spring-break playground in the late 1950s but when the Collegiate Aquatic Forum, a unique winter attraction, started in 1935. The word spread about the sun and beaches and the trickling of students coming down for spring break peaked in the 1960s with the the beach-party movie "Where The Boys Are". A few weeks of teen chaos ensue every spring. However with the value of coastal land escalating, the local government discouraged the spring break teen migrations and now Fort Lauderdale has evolved into a sophisticated resort. Fort Lauderdale today features beautifully preserved beaches, international dining, championship golfing, cultural entertainment and above all, sunshine.
Broward County (includes the coastal cities: Deerfield Beach, Hillisboro Beach, Pompano Beach, Hollywood) 1,623,01, Fort Lauderdale 152,397.
Flight times: Chicago-3.75 hr., NYC-3.5 hrs., Los Angeles-4.5 hrs., London-8.5 hrs.
Expect warm tropical winters and very warm humid summers; rain may be persistent.
Average Daily High/Low Temperature:
• Spring: High 82/ Low 69
• Summer: High 88/ Low 75
• Fall: High 79 / Low 73
• Winter: High 76/ Low 59
The Fort Lauderdale Hollywood International Airport serves millions of travelers from all over the world. Also known as FLL.
http://www.fll.net/ 954-359-1200AIRPORT SHUTTLES
Super Shuttle service available from the airport to the Central Business District and the Ft. Lauderdale Area. The rate is approximately $11.-$18. for one.
Tri-County Commuter Rail Authority is the convenient, comfortable and affordable way to travel throughout the South Florida region. It is a rail service that connects Miami to West Palm Beach in air-conditioned comfort, seven days a week. Stations at: Mangonia Park, West Palm Beach, Lake Wort, Boynton Beach, Delray Beach, Boca Raton, Deerfield Beach, Pompano Beach, Cypress Creek, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport at Dania Beach, Sheridan Street, Hollywood, Golden Glades, Opa-locka, Metrorail Transfer, Hialeah Market, Miami Airport. http://www.tri-rail.com/