New York city is the largest city in the United States, with its metropolitan area ranking among the largest urban areas in the world. In 1898 a new charter was adopted, making the surrounding cities into Greater New York, a metropolis that consists of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Staten Island and Queens. With over 8.2 million residents within an area of 304.8 square miles, New York City is the most densely populated major city in the United States.
The Dutch founded Fort Amsterdam in 1625 and it later developed into the town and trading post of New Amsterdam which is the present-day site of Wall Street. The British captured the colony during the Second Anglo-Dutch War and governed it as the Province of New York. After the Colonies declared their independence from Great Britain, it was occupied by the British and became one of their command centers during the war. In 1783 the Treaty of Paris was signed and the last British troops stationed in the Thirteen Colonies departed.
Governor DeWitt Clinton championed the building a canal to connect the Hudson River with Lake Erie – thus all the Great Lakes and the interior. The Erie Canal was finished in 1825 and it opened up vast areas of the Great Lakes and the American Midwest to commerce and settlement. This event enabled New York City to prosper and surpass Philadelphia as the cultural and economic center of the United States.
Population: over 7,322.800, Metro 19,902,000 .
Land Area: 47,213.79 square miles.
Flight Times: Chicago-2 hrs, London-9 hrs, Los Angeles-5 hrs, Miami-2.7 hrs, Tokyo-14 hrs.
Average mean temperature: 52 F (13° C), Days of sunshine: 200 days, Annual precipitation: 40.5 inches.
Average Daily High/Low Temperature:
March - May: 64°f / 43°f, 18°c / 9°c
June - Aug.: 85°f / 64°f, 29°c / 18°f
Sept. - Nov.: 69°f / 50°f, 20°c / 11°c
Dec. - Feb.: 42° / 25°f, 8°c / -2°c
Click for a current weather forecast for New York.
NY Convention & Visitor Information (www.nycvisitor.com): 2 Columbus Circle. (212) 397-8200, (800) 692-8474.
NYC Visitor Information (www.nycvisit.com): 218 E 11th St. (212) 979-9779.
Area Weather: (212) 976-1212.
NYC Transit Authority: (718) 330-1234
Port Authority Bus Terminal: (800) 247-7433
New York City Subway/MTA: runs 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. 422 subway stations located throughout Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx.
Airtran JFK: comprised of a loop route that connects all MTA subway terminals, Long Island Rail Road, and local buses, providing easy transportation to and from JFK airport. Airtran will also take you from Newark (EWR) to Penn Station.
Taxi charges: $2.50 upon entering, 40¢ additional 1/5 mile. $45 flat fee from JFK Airport to Manhattan. $24-$28 form La Guardia to Manhattan. Carey Limo and Transportation: (800) 284-0909 (provide buses to all points from JFK)
Ground Zero, site of the former World Trade Center Twin Towers: In December 2001 New York City opened a viewing platform at Fulton and Church Streets. By early 2002 there should be four platforms that accommodate 400 people each. Open: 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. daily. Free tickets, available from the South Street Seaport ticket booth at Pier 16 in lower Manhattan, must be presented prior to entering the viewing areas. Tickets are not available for a specific viewing time. Two tickets per person are distributed on a first-come first-served basis for the next available viewing time. Ticket booth opens: 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. daily. At present you may obtain tickets for same day viewing usually noon to 8 p.m., or for the 8 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. viewing the next morning. Located to the north by Vesey Street, to the west by the West Side Highway, to the south by Liberty Street, and to the east by Church Street.
Central Park: 59th St. to 110th St., & from Fifth Ave. to Central Park West. (212) 360-3456. 843-acre landscaped wonder in the middle of NYC. Great for skaters, runners, joggers, horseback riders, bikers, bird watchers, nature lovers, etc. The park includes lakes, a skating rink, miniature golf, tennis courts, softball fields, a swimming pool & carousel.
Central Park Zoo: 5th Ave. at E. 64th St., (212) 861-6030. Open everyday. Save your ticket for Tisch Children's Zoo. The Great Lawn, behind the Metropolitan Museum is the place to suntan, toss frisbees or wait for free Shakespeare tickets.
Bronx Zoo : 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx (718) 367-1010. Monday-Friday 10 am-5 pm. Weekends, 10 am-5:30pm. Admission: Adults-$15, Children-$11, Seniors-$13.
The Empire State Building: 350 Fifth Ave. (212) 736-3100. 80 mile visibility lets you to see landmarks in all five boroughs, plus Long Island & N. J. Observation tower open daily: 9:30 am-12 am(last tickets at 11:25 pm). Admission: Adults-$17.61, Youth (12-17)-$15.76, Children-$12.07, Seniors-$15.76.
Grand Central Terminal: 42nd St. (Lexington & Vanderbilt) World famous train station, serving commuters of NY and Connecticut, plus NYC subway lines. Stop at the famous Oyster Bar or simply enjoy the musicians in the magnificent Concourse.
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts: Columbus Ave. between West 62nd & 66th St. (212) 875-5350. 14-acre complex of performing arts and educational institutions.
New York Public Library: Fifth Ave. at 42nd St. (212) 930-0800. Beaux Arts landmark makes millions of books available to locals & visitors. Visit its cathedral-like third floor reading room.
New York Stock Exchange: 20 Broad St., (at Wall St.) (212) 656-5168. Famous U.S. exchange, symbol of New York's financial power. Tickets available for free tours that include stops at the visitors' gallery overlooking trading floor. Monday-Friday 9:15 am to 4 pm.
Rockefeller Center: 47th to 51st St. between Fifth & Sixth Ave. (212) 632-3975. Art Deco complex with upscale shops & restaurants. Tour NBC studios & Radio City Music Hall. In winter try the ice skating rink.
St. Patrick's Cathedral: Fifth Ave. at East 50th St. (212) 753-2261. The largest Catholic church in the U. S.
Staten Island Ferry Terminal: at the foot of Whitehall Street (next to Battery Park) (212) 806-6940. Leaving Manhattan, go to the top deck to view the Brooklyn Bridge, Statue of Liberty, etc.
Statue of Liberty (212) 363-3200. Take ferry from Battery Park in lower Manhattan. Given by France in 1884, there is no substitute for a visit to this United States symbol. Admission to statue itself is free, but to get to Liberty Island there is a charge. Open daily 9:30 am-4:30 pm.
United Nations Building: First Ave. and 48th St. (212) 963-1234. Take a 45-minute tour led by representatives of member countries.
American Museum of Natural History (www.amnh.org): Central Park West at 79th St. (212) 769-5000. Sunday - Thursday, 10 am - 5:45 pm; Friday - Saturday, 10 am - 8:45 pm.
The Brooklyn Museum of Art (www.brooklynmuseum.org): 200 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, (718) 638-5000. Hours: Wednesday - Friday 10 am to 5 pm; Saturday 11 am to 9 pm; Sunday, 11 am-6 pm.
Ellis Island Museum of Immigration (www.ellisisland.com): Accessed by ferry from Battery Park in lower Manhattan. (212) 269-5755. Hours: Daily, 9:30 am - 5 pm. Admission: Free
Frick Collection (www.frick.org): 1 East 70th St., (212) 288-0700. Tuesday - Saturday, 10 am - 6 pm; Sunday, 1 pm - 6 pm.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (www.guggenheim.org): 1071 Fifth Ave., (212) 423-3500. Sunday - Wednesday, 10 am - 6 pm; Friday - Sat., 10 am - 8 pm.
Guggenheim Museum SoHo (www.guggenheim.org): 575 Broadway (at Prince), (212) 423-3500. Saturday-Wednesday 10 am-5:45 pm; Friday 10 am-7:45 pm. Closed Thursday.
Metropolitan Museum of Art (www.metmuseum.org): 1000 Fifth Ave., (212) 535-7710. Tuesday - Sunday, 9:30 am - 5:30 pm (to 9 pm on Fridays and Saturdays). Closed Mondays.
Museum of Modern Art (www.moma.org): 11 West 53rd St., and at 33 Street at Queens Blvd. Long Island City, Queens. (212) 708-9400. Saturday - Tuesday & Thursday, 10:30 am - 6 pm; Friday, 10:30 am - 8:30 pm; closed Wednesday.
New Museum of Contemporary Art (www.newmuseum.org): 583 Broadway (near Houston Street). (212) 219-1222. Wednesday and Sunday, noon - 6 pm; Thursday through Saturday, noon - 8 pm.
Pierpont Morgan Library (www.themorgan.org): 29 East 36th St.,(212) 685-0610. Tuesday - Thursday, 10:30 am - 5 pm; Friday, 10:30 am to 8 pm; Saturday, 10:30 am - 6 pm; Sunday, noon - 6 pm.
Whitney Museum of American Art: (www.whitney.org): 99 Gansevoort St., (212) 570-3600. Sunday, Monday & Wednesday, 10 am - 6 pm; Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, 10:30 am - 10 pm. (note: admission is "pay-what-you-wish" on Fridays from 7 pm - 10 pm).
Museum of the City of New York (www.mcny.org): 1220 Fifth Avenue (212) 534-1672. Tuesday-Sunday, 10 am-5 pm. Free admission for all on Sundays between 10 AM and 12 PM.
Museum Tussaud's Wax Museum (www.nycwax.com): 234 West 42nd Street (between 7th and 8th Avenues) (800) 246-8872. Sunday-Thursday, 10 am-8 pm; Friday-Saturday 10 am-10 pm.
OTHER NEW YORK CITY MUSEUMS
American Craft Museum – www.americancraftmuseum.org
American Museum of the Moving Image – www.movingimage.us
Asia Society Galleries – www.asiasociety.org/visit/newyork.html
Audubon Terrace Museum Group – www.immigrantheritagetrail.org
Bronx Museum of the Arts – www.bronxmuseum.org
Children's Museum of Manhattan – www.cmom.org
China Institute – www.chinainstitute.org
Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum – www.cooperhewitt.org
Hayden Planetarium – www.haydenplanetarium.org
Institute for Contemporary Art / PS 1 – www.ps1.org
International Center of Photography – www.icp.org
Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum – www.intrepidmuseum.org
Isamu Noguchi Garden Museum – www.noguchi.org
Jacques Marchais Museum of Tibetan Art – www.tibetanmuseum.org
Japan Society – www.japansociety.org
Jewish Museum – www.jewishmuseum.org
Liberty Science Center – www.lsc.org
Morris-Jumel Mansion – www.morrisjumel.org
Museum of African Art – www.africanart.org
Museum of American Folk Art – www.folkartmuseum.org
Museum of American Illustration – www.societyillustrators.org
Museum of Television & Radio – www.mtr.org
Museum of the City of New York – www.mcny.org
National Museum of the American Indian – www.nmai.si.edu
New York Hall of Science – www.nyhallsci.org
New York Historical Society – www.nyhistory.org
Queens Historical Society – www.queenshistoricalsociety.org
Queens Museum of Art – www.queensmuseum.org
South Street Seaport Museum – www.southstreetseaportmuseum.org