The expansive area known as Mexico City (officially known as the Federal District or Distrito Federal) was built on the ruins of Tenochtitlan, the ancient Aztec capital. People have been living in the valley for 20,000 years, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in all of North America. That history is evident in the physical structure of the city itself. The tremendous abundance of life in Mexico City stands upon layer after layer of the past. Reminders of past civilization pervade the city, particularly at the Templo Mayor excavation and Anthropological Museum at Chapultepec Park.
Rebuilt after the Spanish conquest, Mexico City served as the political, administrative and financial centre of a major part of the colonial empire of Spain. Mexico City is the capital, seat of government and the center of commerce, finance and the arts; it is also the second largest city in the world.
Population: Metro 20,231,600
Flight times: Chicago- 3 1/2 hrs., New York- 4 1/2 hrs., Miami- 3 hrs., Los Angeles- 4 1/4 hrs.
At a mile-high and with a rarefied atmosphere, Mexico City's climate is a combination of cool evenings and hot days most of the year.
Average Daily High/Low Temperature:
- March - May: 79°f / 51°f, 26°c / 10°c
- June - Aug.: 73°f / 53°f, 23°c / 12°f
- Sept. - Nov.: 72°f / 49°f, 22°c / 9°c
- Dec. - Feb.: 70° f/ 45°f, 21°c / 7°c
Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez
Located 6km (4mi) east of the Zocalo, is Mexico City's only passenger airport, however, it functions very well. There are at least 25 airlines providing direct service from US and Canadian cities, and many others provide one-stop connecting services. There are only a few flights from Europe that fly to Mexico nonstop; US airlines require a plane change in the USA.
http://www.wotw.com/aeromexico/ OR http://www.mexicana.com/g4mx/main/Main/
Metro Rapid Transit
Mexico City has one of the finest subway systems in the world. For 1.5 pesos you can cruise the entire city in rapid efficiency on board quiet trains. Stations are clean and attractive; some have special attractions.
Trains are safer and more pleasant than buses but more expensive. As with bus service, it is best to pay for the highest class of travel available. Primera Especial class is recommended for day trips and the top-of-the-line Pullman compartments for overnight travel. Pullman service offers sleeping compartments suitable for one (camarin) or two (alcoba). Each converts to a comfortable sitting room during the day.
Mexico has a vast inter-city bus system that offers inexpensive and convenient transportation. There are two grades of buses: First Class has air conditioning and stewardess service, Second Class is the no frills option. As Second Class costs only slightly less, First Class is recommend.
Three types of taxis exist- the ORANGE & WHITE fourdoor cabs offering comfort and metered rates; GREEN & WHITE, newer VW bugs with cheaper, metered rates; and YELLOW & WHITE, older VW bugs which offer the cheapest metered rates of all.
One of the largest public plazas in the world, the Zocalo is the heart of Mexico City and is one of the city's most famous attractions.
At the intersection of Juarez and 20 de Noviembre, Centro Historico.
In a city of 20 million, fresh air is obviously a scarcity. To get it, the best place to go is Chapultepec Park, a sprawling 550 acre park to the east of the city center. Inside the park is the city zoo and several more museums.
Between Paseo de la Reforma Circuito Interior, and Av. Constituyentes.
Frida Kahlo Museum (Museo Frida Kahlo)
The lifelong home of Frida Kahlo is now a museum dedicated to the work of this famous 20th-century artist.
Londres 247, Tel: 011-52-5-658-5778
The ruins of the temple that the Aztecs believed to be center of the universe.
Seminario and Moneda, Tel: 5-542-0606