At the outset of the 1870s, William and Mary Brickell settled south of the Miami River and quickly became both savy Indian traders and real estate investors. In 1891, Julia Tuttle established a homestead on north bank of the Miami River near the Biscayne Bay. She predicted that a great city would someday exist on these banks. At about this time Henry M. Flagler, a multimillionaire from Standard Oil fame, was extending a railroad along Florida's east coast and developing cities and resorts along the way. By 1894, Flagler's railway terminated at West Palm Beach but, after repeated appeals and hundreds of acres of prime real estate from Tuttle and the Brickells, he soon extended his railway to Miami. In that same year on July 28, 1896, 344 registered voters many of whom were black laborers voted for the incorporation of the City of Miami, and Flagler's slate of candidates that governed the area.
By 1925 Miami expanded from 13 to 43 square miles and with an unofficial population of 100,000, Miami and Dade County were becoming both the major metropolitan center of Florida and an American tourist center. Today Miami is not only a major international tourist destination but also a growing dynamic international hub with a truly diverse population and unique personality.
Population: Dade County (Greater Miami) 5,413,212, Miami 409,719.
Land Area: 35.68 square miles.
Flight times: Chicago-3.75 hr., NYC-3.5 hrs., Los Angeles-4.5 hrs., London-8.5 hrs.
Expect warm tropical winters and very warm humid summers; rain may be persistent.
Average Daily High/Low Temperature:
Spring: High 82/ Low 69
Summer: High 88/ Low 75
Fall: High 79 / Low 73
Winter: High 76/ Low 59
Miami Beach Visitor Center – www.miamibeachchamber.com
Miami vacation Travel Guide – www.mustseemiami.com
Super Shuttle: service available from the airport to the Central Business District and the Greater Miami and Ft. Lauderdale Area. The rate is approximately $11.-$18. for one.
Tri-County Commuter Rail Authority (www.tri-rail.com): the convenient and affordable way to travel throughout the South Florida region. Runs seven days a week. Connetcs Miami, Fort Lauderdale and Palm Beach.
Stations at: Mangonia Park, West Palm Beach, Lake Wort, Boynton Beach, Delray Beach, Boca Raton, Deerfield Beach, Pompano Beach, Cypress Creek, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport at Dania Beach, Sheridan Street, Hollywood, Golden Glades, Opa-locka, Metrorail Transfer, Hialeah Market, Miami Airport.
Metrobus, Metrorail and the Metromove(www.miamidade.gov/transit/): Metrorail is a 21-mile elevated rail system that serves Downtown Miami and extends west to Hialeah and south to Kendall, with stops approximately every mile. Metromover features individual motorized cars that run atop a 4.4-mile elevated track looping around Downtown Miami and to the Brickell and Omni business districts. Metrobus offers more than 60 routes in Miami-Dade County.
Amtrak(www.amtrak.com): Union Station is located at 8303 NW 37th Avenue in Hialeah. (800) 872-7245
Greyhound (www.greyhound.com): (800) 231-2222
Taxis: A cab ride costs $28. or more from the airport to Miami Beach, $19.-$22. to the Central Business District and slightly more to Coral Gables.
Miami Dade Taxi – (305) 551-1111
Diamond Cab – (305) 545 7575
Yellow Cab – (305) 777-7777
United Taxis Service – (305) 444-4494
Miami Seaquarium (www.miamiseaquarium.com): 4400 Rickenbacker Cswy Miami, Florida 33149, (305) 365-2518. Open daily 9:30 am-6 pm. Admission: General-$35.95, Children-$26.95.
Miami Museum of Science (www.miamisci.org): 3280 S Miami Ave Miami, Florida 33129, (305) 646-4200. Open daily 10 am-6 pm. Admission: Adults-$20, Seniors and Students-$18, Children-$13.
Miami Metrozoo (www.miamimetrozoo.com): 12400 SW 152nd St Miami, Florida 33177, (305) 251-0400. Open daily 9:30 am-5:30 pm. Admission: Adults-$13.95, Children-$9.95.
Parrot Jungle Island (www.parrotjungle.com): 1111 Parrot Jungle Trail Miami, Florida 33132, (305) 400-7000. Open daily 10 am-6 pm. Admission: Adults-$27.50, Seniors-$25.95, Children-$22.95.