Los Angeles was founded September 4, 1781, by Spain's Felipe de Neve as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula and was annexed by Mexico in 1821, when Mexico gained independence from Spain. After the United States defeated Mexico in 1848, Los Angeles and California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850 just as California achieved statehood.
Today it is the second largest city in the United States and is one of the world's centers of culture, technology, media, education, business, and international trade but, above all else in the eyes of the world, it is the hub of the entertainment business and home to Hollywood.
Population: over 10,363,850 (Los Angles County, estimated size as of 2008), over 13,000,000 for the Metropolitan Area
Land Area: 498.3 square miles (1,290.6km)
Flight times: Chicago-4 hrs., London-11 hrs., NY.-5.5 hrs., Miami-5 hrs., Tokyo-11.5 hrs.
WEATHER Average mean temperature: 65°F (18°C)
Days of sunshine: 329 days
Annual precipitation: 14.85 inches
Average Daily High/Low Temperature:
March: 90°F / 50°F, 21°C / 10°C
June: 77°F / 59°F, 25°C / 15°C
September: 82°F / 61°F, 28°C / 16°C
December: 68°F / 49°F, 20°C / 9°C
Click for a current weather forecast for Los Angeles.VISITOR INFORMATION
The Official Visitors Site for Los Angeles (www.discoverlosangeles.com):
Los Angeles International Airport is minutes to the beaches and 36 minutes to Downtown.
Airport Shuttle service (www.primetimeshuttle.com): curbside pickup at all area airports -- continuous service to/from John Wayne, Los Angeles International, and Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airports.
Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport is served by Amtrak trains to Los Angeles: (800) USA RAIL
Schedules, routes, cost of Metro services: (800) 266-6883
DASH: shuttle buses provide inexpensive public transportation in several communities, including Downtown LA, Hollywood, the Westside, Venice and the Valleys: 213 or 310 or (818) 808 2273.
Freeways: A few tips: Freeways going east and west have even numbers, north-south roads odd numbers. Most freeways have a name, as well as a number. Ask for both when receiving directions.
Directions, call the Visitor Information Center: (213) 689-8822.
Miles from Downtown LA.. to: Anaheim (Disneyland, Knott's Berry Farm): 26, Beverly Hills: 10, Big Bear Lake: 100, Burbank Airport: 13, Hollywood: 6, Pasadena: 9, San Diego: 20, Universal City (Universal Studios): 9
Walk of Fame (www.seeing-stars.com): on Hollywood Boulevard: from Gower Street to La Brea Avenue, and on Vine Street: from Yucca Street to Sunset Boulevard. (323) 469-8311.
Griffith Park Observatory and Planetarium (www.griffithobs.org): (213) 665 5188.This is the largest municipal park in the U.S. It contains one of the largest space telescopes open to the public. Open Tuesday-Friday 12 pm-10 pm, Saturday-Sunday 10 am- 10 pm. Free admission.
Disneyland Theme Park (www.disneyland.com): 1313 S Harbor Blvd Anaheim, CA 92802. (714) 781-4000. Hours of operation vary day to day.
Farmers Market (www.farmersmarketla.com): 6333 W. Third St., Los Angeles, CA 90036. (323) 954-4230. Open Monday-Friday 9 am-9 pm. Saturday 9 am-8 pm, Sunday 9 am-7 pm. Some merchant hours may vary.
Geffen Playhouse (www.geffenplayhouse.com): 10886 Le Conte Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90024. (310) 208-6500. Open Monday-Friday 10 am-6 pm, Saturday-Sunday 11 am-6 pm.
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum & Sports Arena: 3939 S. Figueroa St., Los Angeles, CA 90037. (213) 748-6136.
Los Angeles Music Center/Walt Disney Concert Hall (www.laphil.org): 135 N. Grand Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90012. (213) 972-7300.
Mark Taper Forum (www.centertheatregroup.org): Music Center of Los Angeles County. 135 N. Grand Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90012. (213) 628-2772.
LA Zoo and Botanical Gardens (www.lazoo.org): Griffith Park. 5333 Zoo Drive, L A, CA 90027, (323) 644-4273
Los Angeles Central Public Library (www.lapl.org): 630 W. Fifth St., L A, CA 90071, (213) 228-7000.
LA Theatre Works(www.latw.org): 681 Venice Blvd., Venice, CA 90291. (310) 827-0808
Magic Mountain Theme Park (www.sixflags.com/magicmountain): Valencia, L. A. (818) 367 5967. A park of roller coaster rides and fun entertainment for all the family.
Queen Mary/RMS Foundation, Inc. (www.queenmary.com): 1126 Queens Hwy., Long Beach, CA 90802-6390. (562) 435-3511. Admission: Adults- $31, Children-$8., Seniors-$11.
The Performing Arts Center of Los Angeles County (www.musiccenter.org): 135 N. Grand Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90012. (213) 972-7211.
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA): Visitors Center, 330 DeNeve Dr., L A, CA 90095. (310) 825-5305.
University of Southern California (USC): University Park, Los Angeles, CA 90089. (213)740-2311.
Universal Studios Hollywood (www.UniversalStudiosHollywood.com): 100 Universal City Plaza, Universal City, CA 91608. (818) 622-3036. Universal Studios Hollywood theme park is where the greatest moments from movies and television come to life. Thrilling live action stunts with the most sophisticated digital image technology ever created in Terminator 2 3-D. Admission: Aduls- $38. Children-$28.00.
California Science Center (www.californiasciencecenter.org): 700 State Drive Los Angeles, CA 90037, (323) 724 3623. Open Monday-Thursday10 am-9 pm, Friday-Sunday10 am-12am.
California African American Museum (www.caamuseum.org): 600 State Drive Los Angeles, CA 90037, (213) 744 7432.
Armand Hammer Museum of Art & Cultural Center at UCLA: 10899 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90024. (310) 443-7000
Autry Museum of Western Heritage (www.autry-museum.org): 4700 Western Heritage Way, L. A., CA 90027. (323) 667-2000. One of the most comprehensive collections of Western history and art. Changing exhibitions throughout the year.
The Getty Center (www.getty.edu/museum:) 1200 Getty Center Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90049. (310) 440-7300. Closed on Mondays & holidays. Memorable works of art, panoramic views of the city, mountains and sea; a choice of places to dine and tranquil gardens in which to stroll. Free admission.
Los Angeles County Museum of Art (www.lacma.org): 5905 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90036. Wilshire Boulevard between Fairfax and La Brea. www.lacma.org (323) 857-6000. Friday: 12 noon to 9 pm, Saturday, Sunday: 11 am to 8 pm. Admission: Adults-$7, Seniors and students-$5, Children-$1. Second Tuesday of each month is free, except ticketed exhibitions. Pay parking at Wilshire & Spaulding, and at Wilshire and Ogden.
The Museum of Tolerance (www.museumoftolerance.com): Simon Wiesenthal Plaza 9786 West Pico Blvd. (310) 553-8403. Open Monday-Friday 10 am-5 pm, Sunday 11 am-5 pm. Admission: Adults-$13, Seniors-$11, Students and youth-$10.
Museum of Television & Radio (www.mtr.org): 465 N. Beverly Dr., Beverly Hills, CA 90210. (310) 786-1000
The Museum of Contemporary Art (www.moca.org): 50 South Grand Ave., Los Angeles.
The Geffen Contemporary (www.moca.org): 152 North Central Ave., Los Angeles. (213) 621-2766, Painting, sculpture and environmental works created since 1940. Collection and exhibitions are international in scope. Open Tuesday-Sunday: 11 am to 5 pm Thursday: 11 am to 8 pm. Closed Monday.
Admission: Adults-$6, Students and seniors-$4, free for children 12 & under and MOCA Members. Free admission to all every Thursday from 5 to 8 pm
Los Angeles Children's Museum (www.childrensmuseumla.org): 310 N. Main St., Los Angeles, CA 90012. (213) 687-8801.
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (www.nhm.org): 900 Exposition Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90007. (213) 763-DINO.
Norton Simon Museum of Art (www.nortonsimon.org): 411 W. Colorado Blvd. Pasadena, CA 91105. 626/449-6840. European art from the Renaissance to mid-20th century, including works by Raphael, Botticelli, Rubens, Rembrandt, Watteau, Goya, Monet, Renoir, Degas and van Gogh, and sculpture from India and Southeast Asia. Admission: Adults-$6, Seniors and Students-$3, Members and Children under12-free
Page Museum at the La Brea Tar Pits (www.tarpits.org): 5801 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90036. (323) 934-7243.
Ronald Reagan Presidential Library & Museum (www.reaganlibrary.com): 40 Presidential Dr., Simi Valley, CA 93065. (805) 522-8444. On a mountain top overlooking Simi Valley, the Ronald Reagan Museum introduces visitors to a small-town hero who became a successful movie star, union leader, governor, and president.
Sony Pictures Studios (www.sonypicturesstudios.com): 10202 W. Washington Blvd., Culver City, CA 90232. (310) 244-8030
Southwest Museum (www.southwestmuseum.org): 234 Museum Dr. L A, CA 90065, (323) 221-2164. LA's first museum, founded in 1907. Great collections of Native American art/artifacts. Admission: Adults-$6, children- $3, seniors
USC Fisher Gallery (www.uscfishermuseumofart.org): 823 Exposition Blvd., L A, CA 0292 (213) 740-4561
Wells Fargo History Museum (www.wellsfargo.com/about/museum_info.jhtml): Wells Fargo Center 333 S. Grand Ave., L A, CA 90071. (213) 253-7166
The Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to a number of manufacturers of high-end, professional audio equipment, such as microphone makers AEA in Pasadena, Blue Microphones in Westlake Village, and Royer Labs in Burbank.