In 1630 The Massachusetts Bay Company chartered this self-governing settlement on the banks of the Charles River and soon became the capital of the colony of Massachusetts. Today the city is not only a major seaport and transportation hub but also a financial and business-service center. A great number of universities and hospitals make higher education and health services significant factors in Boston’s economic Life. Food processing, clothing manufacturing, printing and publishing are its other mainstays.
In 1800 Boston was a homogeneous seaport of 4,000 citizens of English extraction but by 1900 the city had grown to more than 600,000 residents whose ancestries were Irish, Italian, French, Canadian, Germans and other European nationalities, plus a small population of African Americans.
Boston is surrounded by the "Greater Boston" region, and bordered by the cities and towns of Winthrop, Revere, Chelsea, Everett, Somerville, Cambridge, Watertown, Newton, Brookline, Needham, Dedham, Canton, Milton, and Quincy
Popualtion: Boston, 599,351 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, 5,958,423
Over 250,000 students live in the Greater Boston Area.
Land Area: 89.6 square miles (however, 41.2 square miles of it is water)
Flight times: Chicago-2.5 hrs., London-8 hrs., Los Angeles-6 hrs., Miami-2.5 hrs.
CAMBRIDGE, originally called New Towne, was organized in 1636 when it became the site of Harvard College. It was renamed Cambridge in 1638 . The old part of Cambridge, Harvard Square, is considered by some to be the center of American intellectual and social culture. The city proper is of only 46 square miles (119 square kilometers), and more than one-fourth of it is water.
Cambridge population: 94,700.
Boston's mild winter climate is tempered by the Gulf Stream and the summers are often considerably cooler than New York and Philadelphia.
Average mean temperature: 53 F (13° C), Days of sunshine: 210 days, Annual precipitation: 39.5 inches.
Average Daily High/Low Temperature:
March - May: 64°f / 43°f, 18°c / 9°c
June - Aug.: 81°f / 62°f, 27°c / 17°f
Sept. - Nov.: 61°f / 36°f, 16°c / 6°c
Dec. - Feb.: 40° / 22°f, 7°c / -2°c
Click for a current weather forecast for Boston.
Boston Tourist Information (www.newenglandtravelplanner.com)
Visitors-City of Boston (www.cityofboston.gov/vistors)
Greater Boston Convention & Visitors Bureau (www.bostonusa.com)
For more Information: (888) SEE BOSTON
Subway (T) (www.mbta.com): Consists of red line, green line, blue line, orange line, and silver line. Times on subway vary, but standard hours of operation are 5 am-12:30 am (and up to 1 am on some lines). Fare is $1.25 for most rides.
Commuter Rail (www.mbta.com): consists of thirteen Commuter Rail lines connecting Boston with towns to the north, west, and south. Trains depart Boston's North Station for Fitchburg, Lowell, Haverhill, Newburyport and Rockport, and trains depart South Station Transportation Center for Worcester, Needham Heights, Forge Park/I-495, Foxboro, Providence RI, Fall River, New Bedford, Middleborough/Lakeville and Kingston/Route 3.
Buses (www.mbta.com): operated by MBTA, particularly useful for connecting Boston-Logan International Airport with South Station Transportation Center.
Amtrak Train (www.amtrak.com): (800) USA-RAIL.
Taxis: $1.75 for the first 1/8th mile or less, $0.30 for each additional 1/8th of a mile.
—Boston Cab, (617) 536-5010
—Checker Cab, (617) 536-7000
—City Cab, (617) 536-5100
—ITOA, (617) 825-4000
—Metro Cab, (617) 782-5500
—Town Taxi, (617) 536-5000
Boston Common: 48-acre public park established in 1632. Fun for people watching, concerts, street musicians, religious and political speakers, winter ice skating on Frog Pond. Located between Charles, Beacon and Park Streets.
Freedom Trail: 3 mile walking tour. Posted signs and red line pavement markers help distinguish 16 historic points in Boston National Historical Park.
Paul Revere House (www.paulreverehouse.org): 19 North Square, (617) 523-2338. Open April 15 - October 31 - 9:30 am to 5:15 pm November 1 - April 14 - 9:30 am to 4:15 pm Closed on Mondays in January, February and March. Admission: Adults-$3, Seniors and College Students $2.50, Children $1.00.
Old North Church (www.oldnorth.com): Oldest church in Boston. 93 Salem St., North End, (617) 523-6676. Open January–February: 10am–4pm, Tuesday–Sunday, Closed Monday March–May: 9am–5pm, daily June–October: 9am–6pm, daily November–December: 10am–5pm, daily. Sunday Service-9am and 11am, Wednesday Evening Service-6pm.
Boston Athenaeum (www.bostonathenaeum.org): Extensive library of books and some American art. 102 Beacon St. (617) 227-0270. Free.
USS Constitution/‘Old Iron Sides’ Charlestown Navy Shipyard (www.ussconstitutionmuseum.org): Bunker Hill Monument of the famous battlefield. (617) 242-5641, (617) 4261812. Free admission.
Black Heritage Trail (www.nps.gov/boas): Walking tour of the history of Boston’s African-American community (617) 742-5415 (trail information).
Faneuil Hall Square (www.faneuilhallmarketplace.com): The heart of the political life of Boston, Massachusetts and, at one time, the United States. Boston, MA 02109, (617) 242-5675
John Hancock Observatory (www.hancock-observatory.com): The highest observation point in New England offers visitors a birds-eye view of the city.
200 Clarendon St. Open 365 days a yaer from 9 am to 11 pm. (617) 247-1977, Admission: Adults-$15, Seniors-$13, Youth-$9.
Franklin Park Zoo (www.franklinparkzoo.com): 1 Franklin Park Road, (617) 541-5466
New England Aquarium (www.neaq.org): Located on the Central Wharf, (617) 973-5200. Open Monday-Friday 9 am to 5 pm, Saturday-Sunday 9 am to 6 pm. Admission: Adults-$19.95, Child-$11.95, Seniors-$17.95.
Old State House Bostonian Society (www.bostonhistory.org): 206 Washington St. Open 7 days a week, 9 am to 5 pm (617) 720-3290. Admission: Adults-$5, Seniors and Students-$4 , Children-$1.
Boston University Art Gallery: 855 Commonwealth Avenue, at Boston University (617) 353-3329. Free admission.
The Children's Museum of Boston (www.bostonkids.org): 300 Congress Street, downtown, (617) 426-7336. Open daily 10 am-5 pm, Fridays until 9pm. Admission: Adults-$10, Seniors and Children-$8.
John F Kennedy Library & Museum (www.jfklibrary.org): Columbia Point, at Morrissey Boulevard, Dorchester. (617) 929-4500. Open 7 days a week, 9 am to 5 pm. Admission: Adults-$12, Seniors and Students-$10, Youth-$9, Children 12 & under-free.
The Museum of Fine Arts (www.mfa.org): Impressive collection of American and international art plus Egyptian art, Chinese/Japanese ceramics.
465 Huntington Ave., (617) 267-9300. Admission: Adults-$17, Seniors and Students-$15.
Harvard Museum of Natural History (/www.hmnh.harvard.edu):
26 Oxford St., Cambridge. Includes: the Comparative Zoology, Mineralogical and Geological, and Botanical Museums. Admission: Adults-$5, Seniors-$4. , Students and children-$3. Free on Saturday before noon. (617) 495-3045.
Harvard University Art Museums (www.artmuseums.harvard.edu):32 Quincy St., Cambridge, (617) 495-9400.
Includes these excellent museums:
The Arthur M. Sackler Museum, 485 Broadway, (617) 495-9400.
The Fogg Museum, European, Asian and American art from the Middle Ages to present.
The Busch-Reisinger Museum (a section of the Fogg) focuses on the art of German-speaking Europe.
One admission price covers all three museums: Aults-$5, Seniors-$4, Students-$3, Children under age 18-free.
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum(/www.boston.com/gardner): In 1903 "Mrs. Jack" Gardner built this architectural jewel in the style of a 15th-century Italian palace that houses her extensive art collection. The flowering courtyard is another gem. Admission: $10-adults, $7-seniors, $5-students, $3-children.
280 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115 (617) 566-1401 Museum Shop: (617) 278-5122 Gardner Café: (617) 566-1088
MIT Museum (web.mit.edu/museum): 265 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge (617) 253 4444. $1.-$3.
MIT Museums Compton Gallery: 77 Massachusetts Ave., at MIT Campus, Cambridge (617) 253 4444. Free.
The Museum of Science (www.mos.org): Science Park. $8 . (617) 723-2500, Fax: (617) 589-0454.
Boston Tea Party Ship & Museum: Congress Street Bridge on Harbor Walk. $7. (617) 338-1773, Fax: (617) 338-1974.
The Institute of Contemporary Art (/www.icaboston.org): 955 Boylston Street Boston, MA 02115 617-266-5152
Tufts University Gallery (www.tufts.edu/as/gallery): Aidekman Arts Center, Talbot Ave., Somerville (617) 627 3518. Sun: free.